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Possession and Alienability in UBD
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How the possessive determiners work alongside alienability in UBD
This public article was written by [Deactivated User], and last updated on 8 Apr 2022, 23:34.

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Menu 1. Inalienable Nouns 2. Flexible Nouns 3. Alienable Nouns 4. Possessive and Pronouns

UBD features alienable and inalienable possession. These are marked by the possessive determiners i and õõ, respectively. This creates two noun classes. Alienable nouns always take the alienable determiner whereas inalienable nouns, in most contexts, take the inalienable determiner, however they often are able to use the alienable determiner as well. Words that often use both are called flexible nouns.

[edit] [top]Inalienable Nouns
Inalienable nouns include all kinship terms, certain profession/relationship terms (such as teacher, band-mate, leader), qualities or attributes of the possessor (such as greediness, voice, age), location terms related to the possessor (such as home, birthplace, homeland) and body parts.

noovordi
potter
õõ
INALInalienable (possesson)
thing that can't be gained or lost
.POSSPossessive (case)
owns, has
jin
finger

"the potter's finger"

noovordi
noovordi
potter
õõňĩṙ
õõ=ňĩṙ
INALInalienable (possesson)
thing that can't be gained or lost
.POSSPossessive (case)
owns, has
=PLPlural (number)
more than one/few
jin
jin
finger

"the potter's fingers"

[edit] [top]Flexible Nouns
Flexible nouns include certain body parts which are more mutable or temporary. Teeth, for example, can be lost and regrown while skin can be shed.

[edit] [top]Alienable Nouns
Alienable nouns are simply all nouns that are neither inalienable nor flexible. It is an open class.


noovordi
potter
i
ALAlienable (possession)
thing that can be gained or lost
.POSSPossessive (case)
owns, has
ḅuṙ
stump

"the potter's stump"

The plural clitic ňĩṙ can be affixed to the possessive determiner i so long as there are no other qualifiers before the noun.

noovordi
noovordi
potter
iňĩṙ
i=ňĩṙ
ALAlienable (possession)
thing that can be gained or lost
.POSSPossessive (case)
owns, has
=PLPlural (number)
more than one/few
ḅuṙ
ḅuṙ
stump

"the potter's stumps"

Otherwise the clitic will attach to either the qualifier (example ?) or noun (example ?) except in the case of a simple numeric as shown in example ?, which is dropped entirely.

noovordi
noovordi
potter
i
i
ALAlienable (possession)
thing that can be gained or lost
.POSSPossessive (case)
owns, has
BIGňĩṙ
BIG=ňĩṙ
big=PLPlural (number)
more than one/few
ḅuṙ
ḅuṙ
stump

"the potter's big stumps"

noovordi
noovordi
potter
i
i
ALAlienable (possession)
thing that can be gained or lost
.POSSPossessive (case)
owns, has
3
3
num
ḅuṙĩṙ
ḅuṙ=ĩṙ
stump=PLPlural (number)
more than one/few

"the potter's three (kinds of) stumps"

noovordi
potter
i
ALAlienable (possession)
thing that can be gained or lost
.POSSPossessive (case)
owns, has
3
NUMNumeral
ḅuṙ
stump

"the potter's three stumps"


[edit] [top]Possessive and Pronouns
Pronominal noun phrases still use the two possessive determiners as there are no separate possessive pronouns in UBD.
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