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Modehitchu [MXO]
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Typology Functional 3,919 words
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Modehitchu
biModehirbu
[hí.wóˈtêː.ʈo]
Registered by Tetthinkirl on 10 April 2019
Language type A priori
Species Human/humanoid
About Modehitchu


!ńbrj'xhaxdexmnxs ebxjsaxhl ŕdjmŕdjhrxaxg e edxrebxraxg
<gerBordo o gerhidumidu gbahesibo sanmodehirbu>
/cí.ʈoˈʈə́ ʔə cáí.ʂiˌtu.wiˈtə kʷáéˈsí.hó sõ.nṍˈtã́ã.ʈõ/
INDFIndefinite
a nonspecific referent
.NOMNominative (case)
TRANS subject, INTR argument
-greet and INDFIndefinite
a nonspecific referent
.NOMNominative (case)
TRANS subject, INTR argument
-good.ADVAdverbial
e.g. English '-ly'
-come.VBVerb.GERGerund
verbal noun
DEFDefinite
"the"
.LOCLocative (case)
'in, on, at' etc
-front_page GENGenitive (case)
possessive
-modehitchu
greetings and welcome to the summary of Modehitchu!



Modehitchu is a dialect continuum or group of languages spoken by the Mode people. It's one of two branches of the small Moderan language family; the other being the distantly related  Odera which it draws significant influence from.
Modehitchu does not have a written language of its own, and Mode scribes instead write in Odera in an earlier abugida form of the hegima script. The language therefore lacks much correspondence between the written and spoken tongue. Noun-incorporating Modehitchu relies heavily on rich prefixation, and is highly synthetic and fusional, while Odera is none of these.
Although Modehitchu is primarily SVO, Odera's VSO gets increasingly used by the societé.
Its dominant nasalisation harmony, absence of labial phones in most lects and rather fusional declension can also be mentioned.

Modehitchu has given me enough PhoMo work for the rest of my life, now please axdńb this trash mound of a language.

Sample of Modehitchu[view] géIsii gbúronódéra ógumódéhirbu ennerhe.gérHévin sonódéraó hévinódéra!

English is spoken in England. its capital is London.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
memehigbuginnreduplication
gugudívtravel
Language family relationships
Language treeModeran languages
 ⤷ keCü motera hiCüpu
  ⤷ gerMóderahirbu
   ⤷  Modehitchu
 
[view] qajanísqitso (Caracal Mode)Features /kʷ k/ > /k q/, /tʃ dʒ/ > /ts tʃ/ and deletion of /ɨ ə/. /p m/ are not preserved in this language.
[view] [ekìʈækɪʈɔ̀] (Cockatiel Mode)/p m/-preserving, tongue root harmoning (from word-final */r/) Moderan language. Grammatically innovative and less synthetic, phonologically conservative.
[view] [cíɾ.ci͡ɯɾ.çe͡opʷ] (Treacleberry mode)/p m/-preserving, non-/o u/-delabialising, /i u/-eliding, diphthong-loving, non-retroflexing sister to the other Mode languages. Notable for phonemic labialisation of consonants
Phonology
ConsonantsAlveolarRetroflexPalatalLabio-
velar
VelarGlottal
Plosive t ⁿd1 ʈ2 ᶯɖ c3   ʔ
Fricative s ʂ       h
Approximant     j w    
Flap ɾ ɽ4        
Blends wo ho ʔɑ ɽɑ
kʷo
  1. Before nasal vowels, /ⁿd ᶯɖ/ become full nasal stops.
  2. "Retroflexes" /ʈ ɳ ʂ/ vary dialectally between palatoalveolar laminal and subapical
  3. palatovelar [c̠~kʲ]
  4. Varies between [ɽ ɻ l] depending on dialect
VowelsFrontBack
Close i iˀ ĩ ɯ u
Close-mid e eˀ ẽ ɤ o oˀ õ
Open   ɑ ɑˀ ɑ̃
Polyphthongs ai aĩ ae ao aõ ei
Syllable StructureCV(V) with obligatory onset. /ə ɨ u/ can only appear alone, while /a e i o/ can combine into 8 vowel sequences: /aa ee ii oo ae ai ao ei/. A vowel sequence can only be phonemically nasal if both segments can independently and none of them are /ẽ/, therefore only five phonemic, nasal VV-sequences occur: /ãã ĩĩ õõ ãĩ ãõ/.

While single-mora syllables can only have either high tone /á/ or no tone /a/, bimoraic syllables can have a falling /áa/ and glottalised /aˀ/ tone in addition to high and none /áá aa/.
Stress informationModehitchu is a very mora-timed language. A mora can be a) a CV-sequence or b) a vowel. The number of moras can therefore be determined by counting (phonemic) vowels, except in the case of syllables with a glottalised vowel /iˀ eˀ aˀ oˀ/, which are always bimoraic.

There's a loudness and length-based phonemic stress system in Modehitchu, where either the last or the penultimate syllable get stressed based on the following rules:
I) Words with one or two syllables in pre-mode got ultimate stress
II) Words with three or more syllables got penultimate stress
II) Mono- and disyllabic pronouns, adpositions and particles depend on prosody for stress placement, and are often wholly unstressed

Root stress, unlike nasalisation, PoA and vowel quality, is unaffected by prefixation (e.g. adding NOM.INDF prefix bu- to arha /ʔiˈʂeː/ (child), <buarha> /hûː.wiˈʂe/ doesn't change the stress, despite buarha being trisyllabic).

Stress affects vowels in the following ways:
1) Monomoraic syllables get slightly lengthened /CVˑ/
2) /ɨ ə/ become more back [ɯˑ ɤˑ]
Other/e ɤ o/ are all true-mid, and non-front unrounded vowels /ɑ ɤ ɯ/ are central-back. A more precise transcription of these would be [e̞ ɤ̽ o̞ ɑ̈ ɯ̈]. Therefore, ɑ ɤ ɯ and a ə ɨ can both be used to transcribe the unrounded "back" vowels, and the latter is most common.

There is a productive nasal harmony where the phonemic presence of one of /ĩ ẽ ã õ/ will nasalise all vowels and voiced consonants to their (allophonic) nasal harmony variants.
In oral words these are [ə ɨ u ⁿd ᶯɖ ɾ ɽ j w]
In nasal words these are [ə̃ ɨ̃ ũ n ɳ ɾ̃ ɽ̃ j̃ w̃]

"Retroflex" consonants shift to palatoalveolar, and the stop is often affricated. [ɲ~ᶮd͡ʒ t͡ʃ ʃ] would be more precise transcriptions for some, but that would make the consonant inventory table a bit ugly.

Some vowels, except /ə ɨ u/, can appear short and long. Long monophthongs [aː eː iː oː] and diphthongs [ai̯ ae̯ ao̯ ei̯] are approximately twice as long as short monophthongs. They can therefore be analysed as vowel sequences (giving Modehitchu a syllable structure of CV(V), not CV.)

In modehitchu poetry, in order for two words to rhyme, the words' stressed syllable must be identical, followed by an identical consonant, and an equal number of morae after them in the word.
Nasalised words can rhyme with oral words, but not if:
a) the onset of the syllable containing the stressed mora is /ⁿd/ or /ᶯɖ/
b) the syllable has a phonemic nasal vowel (i.e. a trigger of nasal harmony)
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Modehitchu. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 ModehitchuOrthography
h
Hh
/cɑ/
s
Ss
/sɑ/
m
Mm
/wo/
n
Nn
/dɑ/
g
Gg
/cɤ/
d
Dd
/tɑ/
b
Bb
/ho/
l
GB gb
/kʷo/
p
Qq
/ʔɑ/
r
Rr
/ɽɑ/
k
Vv
/jɑ/
j'
Ii
/i/
a
Ee
/e/
'
Uu
/ɯ/, /u/
e
Oo
/ɤ/, /o/
✔ Shown in correct order
    Latest 8 related articles listed below.
    Rug pattern of the Mode
    Symbolism, rules of use and whatnot
    26-Aug-21 11:44
    Typological information for Modehitchu

    Noun numbersNo numbers
    Morphological typologyPolysynthetic
    Morphosyntactic alignmentSplit-S
    Syllable structureSimple (CV)
    Vowel harmonyOral-nasal

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