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Old Ȟupikhe [OHP]
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Typology Progressing 277 words Old Ȟupikhe
ȟupikhe
[ʔupikʰe]
Registered by Camera244 on 21 January 2015
Language type A priori
Species Human/humanoid
About Old Ȟupikhe Old Ȟupikhe is a highly polysynthetic language with fine consonant and vowel distinctions. It was used by a human subspecies with particularly sensitive hearing.
Sample of Old Ȟupikhe[view] ṋäkóóȟuu ḉíqaa môǧo la / klếkóóǧuu kwôǧa gwúúrȟy hpäwærhćaarbǻǻr / klếkóóǧuu x̧ếrbwaǧy dørbhørḉjääbǻǻr / klếkóóǧuu rêêrǧa wérȟy hpäwærhćaarbǻǻr hgaǧo nôô hdốhpäwærhćaar môǧo / ṋäkóóȟuu tvýchóó pwóóǧy ȟírdørkvôôx̧ja ṋäkóóȟe / chåå dwærȟy ȟírdørṇêêx̧jaar ṋäkóóȟe nôô ṋäkóóȟa ṋäkóóȟuu dwærbjírȟy dørṇêêx̧jar / chåå bbốốkheȟy ȟírdørǧhäiḿårx̧jaar ṋä...[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
wôrnwood
nôôrnhouse
tjốvbend
Language family relationships
Language treeȞupikhe
 ⤷  Old Ȟupikhe
[view] About ȞupikheA family of polysynthetic languages.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarRetroflexAlveolo-
palatal
PalatalVelarUvularGlottal
Nasal m m:     n n: ɳ   ɲ ŋ ɴ  
Plosive p ʰp pʷ pᶣ pʲ pʰ b ʰb bʷ bᶣ bʲ bʰ     t ʰt tʷ tᶣ tʲ tʰ d ʰd dʷ dᶣ dʲ dʰ ʈ ʰʈ ʈʷ ʈᶣ ʈʲ ʈʰ ɖ ʰɖ ɖʷ ɖᶣ ɖʲ ɖʰ   c ʰc cʷ cᶣ cʲ cʰ ɟ ʰɟ ɟʷ ɟᶣ ɟʲ ɟʰ k ʰk kʷ kᶣ kʲ kʰ g ʰg gʷ gᶣ gʲ gʰ q qʼ qˤ ɢ ɢʼ ɢˤ ʔ
Fricative             ç çʷ çᶣ çʲ ʝ ʝʷ ʝᶣ ʝʲ x xʷ xᶣ xʲ ɣ ɣʷ ɣᶣ ɣʲ    
Lateral approximant       l l: ɭ   ʎ ʟ    
Lateral fricative       ɬ ɮ            
Approximant   ʋ         j      
Trill ʙ                  
Flap       ɾ            
Click ʘ   ǀ ǃ   ǁ ǂ      
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralBack
Close i i: i˞: i˞ y y: y˞: y˞     ɯ ɯ: ɯ˞: ɯ˞ u u: u˞: u˞
Near-close   ɪ ɪ: ɪ˞: ɪ˞ ʏ ʏ: ʏ˞: ʏ˞    
Close-mid e e: e˞: e˞ ø ø: ø˞: ø˞     ɤ ɤ: ɤ˞: ɤ˞ o o: o˞: o˞
Mid e̞ e̞: e̞˞: e̞˞   ə ə̰ əˤ o̞ o̞: o̞˞: o̞˞
Open-mid ɛ ɛ: ɛ˞: ɛ˞ œ œ: œ˞: œ˞     ʌ ʌ: ʌ˞: ʌ˞ ɔ ɔ: ɔ˞: ɔ˞
Near-open æ æ: æ˞: æ˞      
Open a a: a˞: a˞   ä ä̰ ä: äˤ ɑ ɑ: ɑ˞: ɑ˞ ɒ ɒ: ɒ˞: ɒ˞
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Old Ȟupikhe. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 Old ȞupikheOrthography
Aa/a/AA aa/a:/AAR aar/a˞:/AR ar/a˞/Ää/ä/ÄÄ ää/ä:/ÄI äi/äˤ/ÄU äu/ä̰/Åå/ɒ/ÅÅ åå/ɒ:/ÅÅR åår/ɒ˞:/
ÅR år/ɒ˞/Ææ/æ/ÆR ær/æ˞/Çç/ç/ÇJ çj/çʲ/ÇV çv/çᶣ/ÇW çw/çʷ/Éé/e̞/ÉÉ éé/e̞:/ÉÉR éér/e̞˞:/ÉR ér/e̞˞/
Êê/ɛ/ÊÊ êê/ɛ:/ÊÊR êêr/ɛ˞:/ÊR êr/ɛ˞/Ëë/ə/ËI ëi/əˤ/ËU ëu/ə̰/Íí/ɪ/ÍÍ íí/ɪ:/ÍÍR íír/ɪ˞:/ÍR ír/ɪ˞/
Óó/o̞/ÓÓ óó/o̞:/ÓÓR óór/o̞˞:/ÓR ór/o̞˞/Ôô/ɔ/ÔÔ ôô/ɔ:/ÔÔR ôôr/ɔ˞:/ÔR ôr/ɔ˞/Øø/ø/ØØ øø/ø:/ØØR øør/ø˞:/
ØR ør/ø˞/Ḉḉ/ʝ/ḈJ ḉj/ʝʲ/ḈV ḉv/ʝᶣ/ḈW ḉw/ʝʷ/Ḽḽ/ɮ/Ḿḿ/m:/Ṇṇ/ɴ/Ṋṋ/ɲ/Úú/ɯ/ÚÚ úú/ɯ:/
ÚÚR úúr/ɯ˞:/ÚR úr/ɯ˞/Ếế/œ/ẾẾ ếế/œ:/ẾẾR ếếr/œ˞:/ẾR ếr/œ˞/Ốố/ʌ/ỐỐ ốố/ʌ:/ỐỐR ốốr/ʌ˞:/ỐR ốr/ʌ˞/Ýý/ʏ/
ÝÝ ýý/ʏ:/ÝÝR ýýr/ʏ˞:/ÝR ýr/ʏ˞/Bb/b/BB bb/ʙ/BH bh/bʰ/BJ bj/bʲ/BV bv/bᶣ/BW bw/bʷ/Cc/c/CH ch/cʰ/
CJ cj/cʲ/CL cl/ʎ/CP cp/ǂ/CV cv/cᶣ/CW cw/cʷ/Ǧǧ/ɢ/ǦȞ ǧȟ/ɢʼ/ǦH ǧh/ɢˤ/Ǻǻ/ɑ/ǺǺ ǻǻ/ɑ:/ǺǺR ǻǻr/ɑ˞:/
ǺR ǻr/ɑ˞/Ǽǽ/æ:/ǼR ǽr/æ˞:/Dd/d/DH dh/dʰ/DJ dj/dʲ/DV dv/dᶣ/DW dw/dʷ/Ee/e/EE ee/e:/EER eer/e˞:/
ER er/e˞/Ȟȟ/ʔ/Gg/g/GH gh/gʰ/GJ gj/gʲ/GV gv/gᶣ/GW gw/gʷ/HB hb/ʰb/HC hc/ʰc/HD hd/ʰd/HG hg/ʰg/
HK hk/ʰk/HP hp/ʰp/HT ht/ʰt/HŤ hť/ʰʈ/HĆ hć/ʰɟ/HĎ hď/ʰɖ/Ii/i/II ii/i:/IIR iir/i˞:/IR ir/i˞/Jj/j/
Kk/k/KH kh/kʰ/KJ kj/kʲ/KL kl/ʟ/KV kv/kᶣ/KW kw/kʷ/Ll/l/LP lp/ǁ/Mm/m/MP mp/ʘ/Nn/n/
NP np/ǃ/Oo/o/O̧ o̧/ɤ/O̧O̧ o̧o̧/ɤ:/O̧O̧R o̧o̧r/ɤ˞:/O̧R o̧r/ɤ˞/OO oo/o:/OOR oor/o˞:/OR or/o˞/Pp/p/PH ph/pʰ/
PJ pj/pʲ/PV pv/pᶣ/PW pw/pʷ/Qq/q/QȞ qȟ/qʼ/QH qh/qˤ/Rr/ɾ/Tt/t/TH th/tʰ/TJ tj/tʲ/TP tp/ǀ/
TV tv/tᶣ/TW tw/tʷ/Uu/u/UR ur/u˞/UU uu/u:/UUR uur/u˞:/Ww/ʋ/Xx/x/X̧ x̧/ɣ/X̧J x̧j/ɣʲ/X̧V x̧v/ɣᶣ/
X̧W x̧w/ɣʷ/XJ xj/xʲ/XV xv/xᶣ/XW xw/xʷ/Yy/y/YR yr/y˞/YY yy/y:/YYR yyr/y˞:/Ńń/n:/Ņņ/ŋ/Ňň/ɳ/
Ťť/ʈ/ŤH ťh/ʈʰ/ŤJ ťj/ʈʲ/ŤV ťv/ʈᶣ/ŤW ťw/ʈʷ/Ćć/ɟ/ĆH ćh/ɟʰ/ĆJ ćj/ɟʲ/ĆV ćv/ɟᶣ/ĆW ćw/ɟʷ/Ďď/ɖ/
ĎH ďh/ɖʰ/ĎJ ďj/ɖʲ/ĎV ďv/ɖᶣ/ĎW ďw/ɖʷ/Ĺĺ/l:/Ļļ/ɬ/Ľľ/ɭ/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
    Latest 8 related articles listed below.
    Typological information for Old Ȟupikhe

    Primary word orderSOV
    Number of nominal casesSix cases
    GendersAnimate/Inanimate
    Morphological typologyPolysynthetic
    Morphosyntactic alignmentErgative/Absolutive

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