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Sáharían [SHI]
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Typology Functional 4,964 words
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Sáharían
Sáharíarn
[ˈsa.häˈʀi.äʁɴ]
Registered by [Deactivated User] on 21 November 2016
Language type Artistic Language (Artlang)
Species Human/humanoid
About Sáharían Sáharían is spoken by the people of a small island in a conworld, comparable to 6th–8th century southwestern Britain, but smaller, with fewer cultural layers, more remote, and highly isolationist for most of its fairly short history.

Sáharían is an analytic, fluid-S, strongly head-final, OVS language. Words can generally switch part of speech quite easily; its verbs and nouns are very regular, though there are transformations for changing between nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs.

The language as it is on CWS represents Sáharían at the end of Sáharía's existence, and the beginning of its successor state Vúlnoría, after the stage where kennings, compounds (including object-verb compounds), and poetic phrases had stopped being reduced and replacing existing words (the language before that process began is called Old Sáharían).

The common dialect is termed Lúrathen, when disambiguation is needed. Its claim to being the main form of Sáharían is held by being the dialect spoken throughout central Sáharía and the southwest (where the capital is located), and by the travelling story-tellers (to whom "Lúrathen" refers).
Sample of Sáharían[view] Hár; therýne ría jéya | gíriáno héine ilís / Hév oyárne ráthane eróa: | Súgarva ’rés jyrún unórvu / Núth thurór sunólne jýrnal. | Eróal narésh, jes bílgira yéna, / Járan bíne thálashára | yevóru thíru yórvar gíra. / Feóa thánelvéshca hév | cáhuronévrar vátoráth, / Yáfuthó cavó syéf | súlucírne íreóra, / Thálonó cavó jes rélcirna | hésran véb ...[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
ráthfethórnvchange the subject
arfýlsharívbounce back
árfurhívbounce back
Language family relationships
Language treeHlorasan-Erkavic
 ⤷  Proto-Hlorasan-Erkavic
  ⤷ Proto-Célibrían
   ⤷ Early Célibrían
    ⤷ Middle Célibrían
     ⤷ Tílthorían Dialect
      ⤷ Old Sáharían
       ⤷  Sáharían
[view] About Hlorasan-ErkavicA large and disparate family, with its two main branches being the Hlorasan languages (a narrow group rather comparable to the Romance languages) and the Erkavic languages (a more varied group, with multiple branches within it). There are other minor...
[edit] [view] Thúroshó (North Port)Spoken in the area around Sáharía's main harbour, its town and the Táranórn, on the north coast.

It shows significant influence from Quemar, most obviously with the phonemes d, m and z, the use of t and d as word-final codal consonants, and the shifts of ʃ to t͡s and ʒʱ to d͡z. More subtly, it uses /ʔ/ between vowels. It also shares a few affixes kept distinct in the Lúrathen, which could have first been used in either language, as they derive from Sáharían adpositions/particles/adverbs.
[edit] [view] Ároca (Northeastern)Spoken in Sáharía's northeastern forests—its primary borderlands. Accordingly, it shows some Shêlanian influence, though also a degree of Quemari or Thúroshór influence.

Ároca has a penchant for shortening common adverbs and other pseudo-adverbs/particles. It has also unstressed e as ə and unstressed i as ɪ, voices /t/, /θ/ and /s/ next to voiced phonemes, collapses /eɪ/ ("ay", "ei", etc.) into /e/, and changes /b/ to /v/ when combined with /ʀ/ (which breaks any "br" combinations.
[edit] [view] Ároásh (Northwestern)Spoken in the far northwest of Sáharían. The moors, downs and coast where the Ároashánal (Northwesterners) live are the most remote part of the country inhabited, and their dialect reflects this.

Its key differences from the rest of Sáharían are that its consonants are aspirated or murmured before stressed vowels, and that it retained the Old Sáharían ð. It also retains distinct /ai/ and /ei/, as well as /au/ which went to /eo/ in other dialects.
[edit] [view] Sílcavón (Southeastern)Spoken in Sáharía's far southeast, in the forests along the coast.

Instead of the stress/pitch system of other dialects of Sáharían, Sílcavón makes use of a tense-lax distinction in its vowel system (which most other Sáharíans can't hear). As in Ároca /ʀ/ is realized as a fricative in all positions, and similarly the sequence /bʀ/ has shifted, in this case to [ʁʷ] (though some speakers still pronounce it [βʁ] in slow speech). It also features palatalization of alveolar and velar sounds
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalVelarUvularGlottal
Nasal [m]1 [ɱ]2 [n̪]3 n   [ɲ]4 [ŋ]5 [ɴ]6  
Plosive b   [t̪]7 t [d]8     k g9 [q]10 [ɢ]11  
Fricative [ɸ]12 [β]13 f v θ s ʃ ʒ [ʒʱ]14   [x]15 [ɣ]16 [χ]17 [ʁ]18 h
Affricate       [t͡s]19          
Lateral approximant     [l̪]20 l [l:]21          
Approximant           j      
Trill       [r]22       ʀ [ʀʱ]23  
  1. before b, allophone of /n/
  2. before v, allophone of /n/
  3. before or after θ, allophone of /n/
  4. before j, allophone of /n/
  5. before k and g, allophone of /n/
  6. before or after ʀ, allophone of /n/
  7. after θ and before back vowels, allophone of /t/
  8. before ʀ and l, allophone of /t/
  9. also occurs as an allophone of k before ʀ and l
  10. after ʀ, allophone of /k/
  11. after ʀ, allophone of /g/
  12. before unstressed vowels, esp. word initially, allophone of /f/
  13. before unstressed vowels, esp. word initially, allophone of /v/
  14. before stressed vowels, allophone of /ʒ/
  15. free variation, allophone of /h/
  16. after ʀ, allophone of /h/
  17. free variation, allophone of /h/
  18. in codas, allophone of /ʀ/
  19. after n, allophone of /s/
  20. before or after θ, allophone of /l/
  21. before stressed vowels, allophone of /l/
  22. between b or t and i, allophone of /ʀ/
  23. before stressed vowels, allophone of /ʀ/
VowelsFrontCentralBack
Close i   u
Close-mid e   o
Mid [e̞]1   [o̞]2
Open a [ä]3  
Polyphthongs [aɪ]4
  1. in closed syllables and non-final unstressed syllables, allophone of /e/
  2. in closed syllables, allophone of /o/
  3. in unstressed syllables, allophone of /a/
  4. Free variation but esp. near /e/, allophone of /eɪ/
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Sáharían. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 SáharíanOrthography [edit]
Aa/a/, [ä]1AY ay/eɪ/, [aɪ]2Bb/b/Cc/k/, [q]3Ee/e/, [e̞]4Ff/f/, [ɸ]5Gg/g/6, [ɢ]7Hh/h/, [ɣ]8, [χ]9, [x]10Ii/i/Jj/ʒ/, [ʒʱ]11Ll/l/, [l:]12, [l̪]13
Nn/n/, [n̪]14, [ɱ]15, [ɲ]16, [ŋ]17, [m]18, [ɴ]19Oo/o/, [o̞]20Rr/ʀ/, [r]21, [ʁ]22, [ʀʱ]23, [χ]24Ss/s/, [t͡s]25SH sh/ʃ/Tt/t/, [d]26, [t̪]27TH th/θ/Uu/u/Vv/v/, [β]28Yy/j/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order [change]
  1. in unstressed syllables
  2. Free variation but esp. near /e/
  3. after ʀ
  4. in closed syllables and non-final unstressed syllables
  5. before unstressed vowels, esp. word initially
  6. also occurs as an allophone of k before ʀ and l
  7. after ʀ
  8. after ʀ
  9. free variation
  10. free variation
  11. before stressed vowels
  12. before stressed vowels
  13. before or after θ
  14. before or after θ
  15. before v
  16. before j
  17. before k and g
  18. before b
  19. before or after ʀ
  20. in closed syllables
  21. between b or t and i
  22. in codas
  23. before stressed vowels
  24. before voiceless obstruents
  25. after n
  26. before ʀ and l
  27. after θ and before back vowels
  28. before unstressed vowels, esp. word initially
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
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Sáharían Grammar
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Typological information for Sáharían

Base counting systemQuinary (5)
Morphosyntactic alignmentFluid-S
Primary word orderOVS
Stress marked?Yes - diacritic
Marked tense (verb)Past, Non-Past

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